China EV Battery Giants’ Supply Chains Full Of ‘Forced Labor’, Says House CCP Committee

China EV Battery Giants’ Supply Chains Full Of ‘Forced Labor’, Says House CCP Committee

China’s EV battery companies CATL and Gotion High Tech source materials from companies banned by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) due to forced labor violations, the House Select Committee on the Chinese Communist Party said on June 6.  They’re now calling for both companies to be added to the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) Entity list.

CATL, which stands for Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Ltd, is the largest producer of batteries for electric vehicles. Both Ford and Tesla partner with CATL. Gotion High Tech is building a battery plant in Michigan. All of these relationships are in jeopardy if the House Select Committee is successful in getting these companies added to the UFLPA Entity List managed by DHS.

Both EV battery makers source goods from the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), which is on the forced labor list. XPCC is a Chinese Communist Party organization that runs prisons and other industrial operations. The XPCC has been accused of providing prison and forced labor to Chinese companies, including subsidiaries of CATL and Gotion, according to a House Select Committee investigation.

What the House Select Committee is Claiming

The following information is pulled directly from their press release:


  • CATL sources lithium-ion anode materials from XPCC, which is on the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention List and therefore its products are banned from the U.S. market. 
  • CATL sources electrolytic nickel from a subsidiary of Xinjiang Nonferrous, a CCP state-owned enterprise known for its prolific use of forced labor, including forced housing of Han men with Uyghur women and families.
  • One of CATL’s key suppliers is partly owned by Yibin Tianyuan Group Co. Ltd. Yibin is partnered with the sanctioned company XPCC, but it is unclear if their products are in CATL batteries.
  • CATL once had a financial stake in Xinjiang Zchiun Lithium Industry Co. Ltd. This company participated in Chinese forced labor transfer programs. CATL sold the stake but remains linked to the company through extended shareholding relationships and through the new owner who is a former CATL senior executive.


  • Gotion sources aluminum foil from a subsidiary of Xinjiang Nonferrous, which is on the forced labor entity list run by Homeland under the name Xinjiang East Hope Nonferrous Metals Co.
  • Gotion sources material from Xinjiang Joinworld, a company that participated in ‘poverty alleviation through labor transfer.’ These programs are often a disguise for forced labor. Joinworld is not on the entity list.

The House Select Committee on the CCP is now chaired by Congressman John Moolenaar (R-MI-2). He replaced outgoing Congressman Mike Gallagher (R-WI). Moolenaar sent two separate letters about the Committee’s findings on CATL and Gotion, including aerial footage of factory whereabouts and organizational charts, to Robert Silvers, Under Secretary for Strategy, Policy, and Plans at DHS. Both letters were signed by Homeland Security Chairman Rep. Mark Green (R-TN-7), Rep. Darin Lahood (R-IL-16), Rep. Carlos Gimenez (R-FL-26) and Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL).


Full Gotion letter and CATL letter by Moolenaar, et. al.


Judging by the corporate organizational charts in the letters, CATL sources lithium carbonate and other raw materials from three companies majority owned by another company called Ganfeng Lithium. That company is 65% owned by Genfeng Zhonghai Mining, which is 35% owned by another company called Nonghua Intelligent Agriculture. And from there you get the small connection to XPCC, which seems to suggest in the chart a roughly 6% stake in that company that ultimately feeds the CATL raw materials chain.

For Gotion, their chart shows that they source artificial graphite anodes from a company called BTR. BTR gets lithium ion, a key material for making EV batteries, from a company called  Xinjiang Tianhongji New Lithium Battery Co. That company supposedly has partnerships with XPCC.  

The letter states that Tianhongi is set up in the Shihezi Economic and Technological Development Zone in Xinjiang, an area administered by the XPCC “to foster high-tech enterprise growth” and is located in the same region as a Uyghur detention center controlled by the XPCC’s 152nd Regiment.

In both of the 9-page letters, Homeland was requested to put the companies on the forced labor list. If they chose not to, Homeland was asked for a briefing on that decision.  

This could become a hot issue in the months ahead, with ramifications for the EV supply chain.  

On May 14, the Biden administration imposed tariffs on CATL and Gotion batteries, among other companies. However, those two companies are largely keen on making batteries for the U.S. auto market, close to their domestic auto partners. How this shakes out going forward depends on Homeland’s decision. And whether or not the connections laid out by the Select Committee are valid, and deemed worthy of adding CATL and Gotion to the UFLPA Entity list. No timeline has been given for this decision.


CPA is the leading national, bipartisan organization exclusively representing domestic producers and workers across many industries and sectors of the U.S. economy.

The latest CPA news and updates, delivered every Friday.


Get the latest in CPA news, industry analysis, opinion, and updates from Team CPA.